About department

Field of Scientific Interest

The main focus in the research of the Department of Hydrosilicates has been on the composition and properties of the fine fractions of bentonites, the clay raw materials containing dominantly montmorillonite or other minerals of the smectite group. Mineralogical and chemical composition and chemical modifications, including replacement of exchangeable cations by various inorganic and organic cations of selected properties and cationic dyes, partial dissolution in acids have been recently studied using mainly spectroscopic methods. Original interpretation of the first overtones and combination vibrations showed that near-infrared spectroscopy provides valuable information on the structure of analysed materials. Hybrid materials based on clay minerals and cationic dyes exhibit interesting properties, such as changes of the energy of absorbed and emitted light, excitation energy transfer, photosensitization, optical anisotropy, etc. These changes are related to the formation of specific supramolecular assemblies of dye cations on the surface of clay mineral particles.


  • Head of department: RNDr. Peter Komadel DrSc.


International and National Projects

Functionalization of clay minerals using unconventional organic surfactants
(Funkcionalizácia ílových minerálov netradičnými organickými surfaktantmi)
Programme: VEGA 2/0141/17
Project coordinator IIC: RNDr. Madejová Jana DrSc.
Duration: 01/2017-12/2020
Photoactive hybrid materials
(Fotoaktívne hybridné materiály)
Programme: VEGA 2/0156/17
Project coordinator IIC: Mgr. A. Czímerová, PhD.
Duration: 01/2017-12/2020
Nanomat – Nanocomposite materials based on organo-phosphonium smectites and polymers
(Nanokompozitné materiály na báze organo-fosfóniových smektitov a polymérov)
Programme: APVV-15-0741
Project coordinator IIC: RNDr. P. Komadel, DrSc.
Partner: Institute of Polymers SAS
Duration: 07/2016-06/2020
BiofNano – Prevention and eradication of microbial biofilms in relationship to nanomaterials
(Prevencia a eradikácia mikrobiálnych biofilmov vo vzťahu k nanomateriálom)
Programme: APVV-15-0347
Project coordinator: Faculty of Natural Sciences Comenius University, Bratislava
Principal investigator IIC: doc. RNDr. J. Bujdák, DrSc.
Duration: 07/2016-06/2020
Immobilization of metal nanoparticles on organo-modified layered silicates
Programme: MAD 12/2016
Principal investigator IIC: Ing. H. Pálková, PhD.
Partner: Jerzy Haber Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
Duration: 01/2016-12/2018
Perlite genesis and innovative approaches to its exploitation and processing
(Genéza perlitu a inovatívne prístupy pri jeho ťažbe a spracovaní)
Programme: APVV-0339-12
Project coordinator: Faculty of Natural Sciences Comenius University, Bratislava
Principal investigator IIC: RNDr. Jana Madejová, DrSC.
Duration: 09/2013-09/2017


Selected publications

BELUŠÁKOVÁ, Silvia – MARTÍNEZ-MARTÍNEZ, V. – LOPEZ ARBELOA, I. – BUJDÁK, Juraj. Resonance energy transfer between dye molecules in colloids of a layered silicate. The effect of dye surface concentration. In Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2017, vol. 121, p. 8300-8309.

CZÍMEROVÁ, Adriana – ČEKLOVSKÝ, Alexander. Resonance energy transfer between rhodamine dyes in saponite thin films: a step towards novel photofunctional nanohybrids. In Clay Minerals, 2017, vol. 52, p. 263-273.

CZÍMEROVÁ, Adriana – SAS, S. – ČEKLOVSKÝ, Alexander. Unique solvatochromism of cyanine/saponite hybrid systems. In Applied Clay Science, 2017, vol. 141, p. 198-203. ISSN 0169-1317.

GATES, W.P. – PETIT, Sabine – MADEJOVÁ, Jana. Applications of NIR/MIR to determine site occupacy in smectites : Chapter 7. In Infrared and Raman spectroscopies of clay minerals. – Netherlands : Elsevier, 2017, p. 200-221. ISBN 978-0-08-100355-8. ISSN 1572-4352.

MADEJOVÁ, Jana – GATES, W.P. – PETIT, Sabine. IR spectra of clay minerals : Chapter 5. In Infrared and Raman spectroscopies of clay minerals. – Netherlands : Elsevier, 2017, p. 107-149. ISBN 978-0-08-100355-8. ISSN 1572-4352.

MADEJOVÁ, Jana – PÁLKOVÁ, Helena. NIR contribution to the study of modified clay minerals. In Infrared and Raman spectroscopies of clay minerals. – Netherlands : Elsevier, 2017, p. 447-481. ISBN 978-0-08-100355-8. ISSN 1572-4352.

MATEJDES, Marián – HIMENO, D. – SUZUKI, Y. – KAWAMATA, J. Controlled formation of pseudoisocyanine J-aggregates in the interlayer space of synthetic saponite. In Applied Clay Science, 2017, vol. 140, p. 119-123. ISSN 0169-1317.

OSACKÝ, Marek – GERAMIAN, Mirjavad – UHLÍK, Peter – ČAPLOVIČOVÁ, Mária – DANKOVÁ, Zuzana – PÁLKOVÁ, Helena – VÍTKOVÁ, M. – KOVÁČOVÁ, Milota – DOUGLAS, G. Ivey – LIU, Q. – ETSELL, Thomas H.,. Mineralogy and Surface Chemistry of Alberta Oil Sands: Relevance to Nonaqueous Solvent Bitumen Extraction. In Energy & Fuels, 2017, vol. 31., p. 8910-8924.

PÁLKOVÁ, Helena – ZIMOWSKA, M. – JANKOVIČ, Ľuboš – SULIKOWSKI, B. – SERWICKA, E.M. – MADEJOVÁ, Jana. Thermal stability of tetrabutyl-phosphonium and -ammonium exchanged montmorillonite: Influence of acid treatment. In Applied Clay Science, 2017, vol. 138, p. 63-73. ISSN 0169-1317.

PETRA, Lukáš – BILLIK, P. – MELICHOVÁ, Z. – KOMADEL, Peter. Mechanochemically activated saponite as materials for Cu2+ and Ni2+ removal from aqueous solutions. In Applied Clay Science, 2017, vol. 143, p. 22-28. ISSN 0169-1317.

SAMPLIKOVA, M – HOLEŠOVÁ, S – HUNDÁKOVÁ, M – PAZDZIORA, E – JANKOVIČ, Ľuboš – VALÁŠKOVÁ, M. Preparation of antibacterial chlorhexidine/vermiculite and release study. In International Journal of Mineral Processing, 2017, vol. 159, p. 1-6.

SAS, S. – DANKO, M. – BIZOVSKÁ, Valéria – LANG, K. – BUJDÁK, Juraj. Highly luminescent hybrid materials based on smectites with polyethylene glycol modified with rhodamine fluorophore. In Applied Clay Science, 2017, vol. 138, p. 25-33. ISSN 0169-1317.

SEDNIČKOVÁ, Michaela – JOCHEC MOŠKOVÁ, Daniela – JANIGOVÁ, Ivica – KRONEK, Juraj – JANKOVIČ, Ľuboš – ŠLOUF, Miroslav – CHODÁK, Ivan. Properties of natural rubber composites with structurally different clay intercable surfactants. In Journal of Polymer Research, 2017, vol. 24, art. no. 105.

BOHÁČ, PeterCZÍMEROVÁ, AdrianaBUJDÁK, Juraj. Enhanced luminescence of 3,3′-diethyl-2,2′-thiacyanine cations adsorbed on saponite particles. In Applied Clay Science, 2016, vol. 127-128, p. 64-69. ISSN 0169-1317.

ČEKLOVSKÝ, AlexanderBOHÁČ, PeterCZÍMEROVÁ, Adriana. Spectral behaviour of TMPyP/layered silicate hybrid nanomaterials in aqueous dispersions of reduced-charge montmorillonites. In Applied Clay Science, 2016, vol. 126, p. 68-71. ISSN 0169-1317.

FRIDRICHOVÁ, J. – BAČÍK, P. – BIZOVSKÁ, Valéria – LIBOWITZKY, E. – ŠKODA, R. – UHER, P. – OZDÍN, D. – ŠTEVKO, M. Spectroscopic and bond-topological investigation of interstitial volatiles in beryl from Slovakia, In Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, June 2016, Volume 43, Issue 6, pp 419–437.

JANKOVIČ, Ľuboš – VÉGSO, K. – ŠIFFALOVIČ, P. – ŠAUŠA, O. – ČAPLOVIČ, Ľ. – ČAPLOVIČOVÁ, M. – MEDLÍN, R. – UHLÍK, P. – NÓGELLOVÁ, Z. XRD, SAXS, and PALS investigations of three different polymers reinforced with tetraoctylammonium exchanged montmorillonite. In International Journal of Polymer Analysis and Characterization, 2016, vol. 21, no. 6, p. 524-536

KOMADEL, Peter. Acid activated clays: Materials in continuous demand. In Applied Clay Science, 2016, vol. 31, p. 84-99.

MADEJOVÁ, JanaSEKERÁKOVÁ, ĽudmilaBIZOVSKÁ, ValériaSLANÝ, MichalJANKOVIČ, Ľuboš. Near-infrared spectroscopy as an effective tool for monitoring the conformation of alkylammonium surfactants in montmorillonite interlayers. In Vibrational Spectroscopy, 2016, vol. 84, p. 44-52. ISSN 0924-2031.

ZIMOWSKA, M. – GURGUL, J. – PÁLKOVÁ, Helena – OLEJNICZAK, Z. – LATKA, K. – LITYNSKA-DOBRZYNSKA, L. – MATACHOWSKI, L. Structural rearrangements in Fe-porous clay heterostructures composites derived from Laponite® – Influence of preparation methods and Fe source. In Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 2016, vol. 231, p. 66-81. ISSN 1387-1811.


Foreign cooperating institutions

  • Heyrovsky Institute of Physical Chemistry of the ASCR, Prague, Czech Republic
  • Institute of Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Czech Republic
  • Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow, Poland
  • Institute of Polymers, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
  • University of Poitiers, CNRS, HydrASA, Poitiers, France
  • University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
  • University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece
  • Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK
  • National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan
  • Nagoya University, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya, Japan
  • Tokyo Metropolitan University Faculty of Urban Environmental Sciences, Tokyo, Japan
  • Yamaguchi University, Graduate School of Medicine, Yamaguchi, Japan
  • University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, USA
  • Monash University, Melbourne, Australia